Workshop organized by the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), the Council on Economic Policies (CEP) and the Addis Tax Initiative (ATI) as part of DIE’s series of “International Workshops on DRM”.
Tax expenditures (TEs) are tax benefits that governments use worldwide to pursue various policy goals such as attracting investment, boosting innovation and fighting poverty. TEs are costly, as they lower government revenue and the tax liability of the beneficiary. The global average of tax revenues forgone over the period 1990-2020 is 3.8% of GDP, or 24.2% of tax revenue. Moreover, TEs are often ineffective in reaching their stated goals, and can be even damaging with regard to equality or sustainability. Yet, the lack of transparency in this area is striking: only 97 out of 218 jurisdictions have reported on TEs at least once since 1990. The quality, regularity and scope of such reports are highly heterogeneous and, in many cases, lag significantly behind minimum standards.
It is against this background that DIE and CEP have launched the Global Tax Expenditures Database (GTED) in June 2021. The GTED (www.GTED.net) is the first database providing timely and consistent information on TEs on a global scale. It is based on official information published by national governments worldwide from 1990 onwards.
ATI acknowledges the relevance this topic holds for member countries and the international community in general. TEs have a significant impact on countries’ ability to foster domestic revenue mobilisation (DRM) and, ultimately, attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They often endanger the transparency of national budgets and policies if not monitored closely and assessed consistently.
Against this backdrop, the workshop explored the relevance of tax expenditures for DRM. It built, among other inputs, on the wealth of information provided by the newly released GTED, as well as the experiences of ATI members.
- The state of tax expenditure reporting
- Experiences with setting up/improving tax expenditure reporting in individual countries
- Main barriers for the estimation and reporting of tax expenditures
- Tax expenditures in a context of informality
- Tax expenditures as an instrument of (harmful) tax competition between countries
- Bringing tax expenditures into the current debate on international tax reform
- Role of regional tax organisations & the Network of Tax Organisations (NTO)
- Tax expenditure reform in a post-COVID-19 world
- Decision-making processes to promote reforms & political economy challenges in the context of rationalising tax expenditures